Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) is Microsoft's cloud-based identity and access management service. It provides a wide range of features for monitoring and reporting, including activity logs, sign-in logs, audit logs, and provisioning logs. These logs are crucial for IT administrators to understand user behaviors, troubleshoot issues, and ensure the security and compliance of their organization.
In this guide to monitoring and reporting in Azure AD, let's take a look at various types of logs generated by Azure AD and how they can help ensure a more secure and compliant Microsoft 365 environment for your company.
Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) provides several types of logs that help administrators monitor activity, troubleshoot issues, and maintain the security of their organization. The main types of logs in Azure AD are:
Each of these logs serves a different purpose and provides a different view into your Azure AD environment, helping you maintain security, compliance, and operational efficiency.
Activity logs in Azure AD provide insights into the operation of a directory. They include information about users and group management, service status, and more. Activity logs are divided into two types: Audit logs and Sign-in logs.
Audit logs record changes applied to your tenant, such as users and group management or updates applied to your tenant’s resources. They help administrators track changes made in their environment and understand the cause of such changes. For example, if a user is added to a group or a new application is registered, this action is logged in the audit logs. The logs include details such as the date and time of the event, the user or service that performed the action, and the IP address from which the action was performed.
Sign-in logs provide information about who signed in, when, where, and through what method. They are a powerful tool for IT administrators to analyze and gain insights into how users access applications and services. For example, if a user signs in from a new location or device, or if there are multiple failed sign-in attempts, these events are logged. The logs include details such as the date and time of the sign-in, the user who signed in, the application or service they accessed, and the IP address from which the sign-in was performed.
Provisioning logs record activities performed by a provisioning service, such as the creation of a group in ServiceNow or a user imported from Workday. They help administrators track the provisioning activities in their environment. For example, if a new user is provisioned or a group is updated, these actions are logged. The logs include details such as the date and time of the provisioning event, the user or service that performed the action, and the status of the provisioning action.
Security reports in Azure AD provide information about potential security issues within your environment. They include risky sign-ins, users flagged for risk, and more. For example, if a user signs in from an unfamiliar location or performs an unusual activity, these events are flagged as risky and reported. The reports include details such as the user involved, the risk level, the risk event type, and the date and time of the risk event.
Usage reports in Azure AD provide information about how your organization is using Azure AD services. They include application usage, managed devices, user password reset activity, and more. For example, if a user accesses a particular application frequently or if a device is registered for conditional access, these events are logged. The reports include details such as the user or device involved, the application or service used, and the date and time of the usage event.
Monitoring and reporting on Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) logs in Microsoft 365 (M365) can be achieved through the various built-in tools and services provided by Microsoft. Here are the steps to monitor and report on Azure AD logs:
Azure Monitor is a service that collects, analyzes, and acts on telemetry data from your Azure and non-Azure environments. It helps you understand how your applications are performing and proactively identifies issues affecting them. You can use Azure Monitor to set up alerts based on your Azure AD logs, create custom dashboards, and more.
The Microsoft Graph API provides programmatic access to Azure AD logs. This allows you to integrate Azure AD logs with your own custom applications or third-party SIEM tools. You can use the Microsoft Graph API to access sign-in logs, audit logs, and more.
Simeon Cloud is a comprehensive solution for monitoring Azure AD logs and provides several advantages that make it an excellent choice for organizations. Here are some of the key reasons to use Simeon Cloud for monitoring Azure AD logs:
Sign up for a free demo of Simeon Cloud to learn more about our Azure AD log monitoring features.